owning a historic building, an old stone foundation could be an interesting experience. Those who will be a strong voice and pocketbook true caretakers of a piece of history. The foundation of that history is the simple, bold and strong field stone foundation wall.
Older stone buildings based usually seen against the original stone of the exterior and interior of the building. However, it was common to apply a layer of plaster on the inner wall of the basement is the foundation, as the insulation, so that the stone can not be seen inside the building.
Most of the original plaster have worn out today, but if you’re lucky, you just might run across an old stone foundation is still intact, but this would be the exception.
Typically, after 30-50 years the foundation had shifted causing cracks in the foundation wall, and it was not uncommon to apply the second to the foundation of the masonry cement stucco. If the second layer of cement stucco, such indicates that the second coating is applied after the early 1900s, when mass-produced cement stucco became available.
Regardless if you plaster or stucco applied to the walls, you can look lumpy as an individual stone formations show under the plaster or stucco.
What to look -A lot of these older stone foundations never groomed and challenging issues from the building owner leak occurred mortar sand, loose stones and bulging walls. Anything beyond these few maintenance issues could be considered “a failure” and may require an engineering inspection.
stone foundation walls that leak – It was is not uncommon for these leak from the old stone foundation walls. When originally built with a hole was dug in the size of the building and dug a trench, where the walls are to be placed. Large stones in the area would be in the ditch, and became the foundation stones of the bed wall.
Drain tile has not been used around foundations older building, so that the static pressure would have been subject to the problem or the type of soil and the ground from the beginning. A high quality builder would have trenched in the sunny little corner of the land, that water from the Fund where the site is allowed. It would be partly filled with debris in front of the trench paving stones, but this is simply a drainage technique would be the exception and not the rule.
Most older homes were built high off the ground to keep moisture to a minimum. The basement space in these homes, which are not intended to be used as living space, so a bit of moisture and does not have a common concern.
stone foundation wall Problems – Water decades infiltration causes a deterioration in the stone foundation walls. The result can be excessive static pressure bulged walls or foundation of settlements, deteriorated mortar joints too wet or loose stones and missing grouting simple aging and movement.
bulged walls – This problem shows the greatest obstacles depending on a building owned by the extent and severity of the convex problem and the location of the base of the wall. Generally, however, a part of the foundation wall can be removed and rebuilt, but the proper support must be in place to support the load of the building before you proceed. It may not be out of range of an experienced mason contractor and ask for advice.
Loose stones and missing grout – These items simple remedy. Loose stones to be removed and re-fresh mortar. Care should be taken not to undermine the critical support area of the base. If you think it is an area of loose stone load bearing beams or load, you should consult professional advice.
holes and missing joints can be filled with mortar or tuck-pointed, to help pull the foundation walls. Any brand of masonry mix available at your local box store should be adequate.
After graduating from the list of repairs should apply another layer of cement stucco. This helps to smooth out imperfections, near the small holes, “stiffens” the surface of the walls and hopefully some protection against leakage.
Check the foundation annually and any necessary repairs immediately. By taking immediate action and implementation of recommended keeping you one step closer to the above improvements, the old stone foundation shape.